Paraphase and include intext citation for any detalis from the article False Ec

Paraphase and include intext citation for any detalis from the article
False Economy
Lucia Engkent, 2016
Thriftiness and careful shopping are generally seen as virtues. No one likes to spend more money than they have to. However, economy taken to extremes turns people into cheapskates: they begrudge every penny that comes out of their wallet and do no appreciate good true value. This can become a social problem, and even a national characteristic, rather than just a personality quirk. The mindset of many Canadians today is dominated by cheapness, affecting retail products, news and entertainment and public infrastructure.
By making their buying decisions based on price alone, Canadians create problems on a national scale. They want to buy inexpensive items, such as $10 T-shirts, but these good are produced in overseas factories with cheap labour and unsafe working conditions. As a result, factories in Canada close down putting Canadians out of work. Salespeople are also losing their jobs as retailers lose business to online shopping. Consumers often choose to buy cheaper products such as books, online even if they have visited the retail stores to make their selections beforehand. Widespread unemployment means less money pumped into the economy in both spending and taxes. It also creates a vicious circle because as jobs are lost, people are unable to afford better goods. In addition to these economic problems, the choice of cheap goods created environmental problems. These products do not last long and have to be replaced. For example, while hand-crafted furniture can last for more than 100 years, modern furniture made of particle board and melamine becomes garbage in less than 10 years. It ends up in the landfill and replacement items need to be purchased. Stress on the environment occurs both in the manufacturing process as well as in the disposal of the item.
Canadians are no longer willing to pay for their news and entertainment. The Internet has fooled them into thinking that they can get everything free. They download movies, music, television shows and books. They get their news from free online sources to avoid paying subscription fees. These practices hurt many industries. Movie producers need to fight the pirating and the subsequent loss of their income. Musicians and writers lose royalties from their work. Newspapers fold because of the lack of subscriptions and ad revenues. With less money going to the creators, the quality of products also suffers. The industries are less inclined to make the required investments for superior products. For example, ground-breaking investigative news stories cost a lot of money for researchers’ and journalists’ time. Cheap news is released quickly on social media and blogs, but it lacks the fact-checking and thoughtful analysis of traditional media.
Canadian particularly resent paying taxes, thinking of it as government picking their pockets rather than citizens paying for necessary services. This attitude has changed the civic discourse, where politicians now consider citizens as taxpayers rather than citizens and spending any public money is sees as a careless or even evil action. Aging infrastructure including roads and water systems, is not being maintained as it should be because that costs too much money. This means that eventually it will cost even more to replace the structures. With less tax revenue, cities cannot afford to upgrade their transit systems, yet citizens are deluded into thinking they can get subways for free. Many new public buildings are cheap and ugly because no one wants to pay for impressive edifices, yet beautiful architecture is the face of a city and attracts visitors as well as making a better environment for citizens.
Cheapness is an illness that is destroying the country. Canada needs leaders to be honest, to tell the citizens that they will only get what they are willing to pay for, and that an investment in quality is well worth the money. Canadians should not be a people that as Oscar Wilde (1890) said, “know the price of everything and the value of nothing.”

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