Read through the case study below that details failures from a past disaster res

Read through the case study
below that details failures from a past disaster response. After reading through the scenario, complete
a 750-word essay following APA guidelines and the use of at least 3 scholarly
resources that addresses the following:
Perform research
to identify a different disaster that has occurred and summarize the details of
the disaster. Explain any challenges
that were encountered during the response to your selected disaster that could
be seen as a failure.
solutions with rationalizations that could have helped in your selected
disaster response to overcome these failures.
Case Study:
Orlando Nightclub Shooting—Pulse
In order to respond
effectively to the onset of a disaster, many different organizations and
persons need to work in unison to effectively manage the needs of the community
impacted. This response is possible when communication is clear and proper
planning and protocols are put in place. However, even under the best of
circumstances there are times when the unexpected happens and although the
overall outcome is seen as a success there are aspects of the response that
could have caused much more destruction. These are challenges that any
governing body or health facility may face when trying to plan for all possible
aspects of a disaster. There are a variety of challenges that may arise during
a disaster response including miscommunications, unpreparedness and then simply
the unexpected nature of the disaster itself.
Florida faced an unprecedented act of terror in 2016 when a lone gunman opened
fire in the early morning hours of a downtown nightclub PULSE. Many different
organizations were involved in this response and although the gunman was
eventually contained there were some issues cited from those involved in the
shooting and ideas of what could have been done differently. One major factor
in the communication fails that plagued the response to this shooting was the
Orlando Police Department (OPD) and the Orlando Fire Department (OFD). The lack
of communication between these departments resulted in the loss of 49 lives and
50 injured (Aboraya, n.d.).
typical response when community resources such as the Police, Fire and EMTs are
involved are to keep EMTs out of the scene until it is deemed safe for these
individuals to enter and begin life-saving triage and treatment. Due to
miscommunications during planning for an active shooter and during this
response at Pulse Nightclub the EMTs remained across the street and were unable
to perform any life-saving actions—which one after-action report concluded
that approximately 10 lives may have been saved had EMTs gotten to these
victims sooner (Aboraya, n.d.).
and change of policy for responding to an active shooter started years before
the Pulse Night Club Shooting in 2013 when a former University of Central
Florida student armed with a rifle had a planned rampage that went awry when
the rifle jammed and the shooter was killed by his own handgun—this initiated
the OFD to begin the process of creating a policy to respond to an active
shooter. Unfortunately, lines of communication were crossed within the fire
department and at one point in time two plans were being created, tactical
vests that contained life-saving equipment were ordered, but no official plan
was ever fully implemented or prepared for.
Making matters worse, the night of the Pulse shooting the tactical
life-saving vests were not even used because the fire fighters were never
trained on how to use them
word of the shooting spread early that morning, other fire departments from the
area showed up to assist in this response but were all responding independently
for a large portion of an hour until efforts began to be coordinated by the
Orlando Police Department. Unfortunately, the Orlando Fire Department was not a
part of this coordinated effort and some feel it was because the Fire Chief was
not present—although he was sent a page (as is the method for contact) he did
not show up on the scene until after the shooter was killed. A follow-up and
change after this miscommunication are to now call the chief on the phone if
the page goes unanswered for three minutes (Aboraya, n.d.).
the response continued, the OPD and the OFD continued to fail to coordinate
their responses and never even were on the same radio channels for
communication. Whether or not a
coordinated effort would have helped save lives and permitted life-saving individuals
to enter the nightclub sooner will remain unknown.
A. (n.d.). Update on active shooter: How Orlando authorities failed to prepare
for a mass shooting like pulse. Retrieved from

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