This course has no formal research essay assignment. Instead, you’re reading and

This course has no formal research essay assignment. Instead, you’re reading and writing skills will be
evaluated on the basis of summarizing a selected reading from the textbook. The due date for the
summary is July 4, 2022. This means that students can select any reading up to July 4 to complete this
part of the course. One of the objectives of this assignment is to ensure that students are
engaging with the readings. The summary is not an essay. Instead, it is a summary of the main
points of the readings where you are to identify the main concepts, ideas and issues discussed
in the textbook. It is not your task to criticize the authors ideas and/or arguments.
Guideline on how to write a summary for this course: The first goal is to articulate the
ideas in the readings back to the reader by explaining them in your own words and by citing the
author(s) directly. In addition, students are asked to add their own thoughts by discussing why
you feel the ideas are interesting and/or important and how you feel the issues relate to our
society. Please ensure that sentences are well structured and that there is a coherent flow of
The text should be 12 point font double space with standard margins. APA or MLA is
allowed, just be consistent with your formatting selection. The summary is to be 3-4 (double
space) pages in length. A bibliography should be included as counts as a separate page. Cite
the chapter properly, do not plagiarize. Students should aim to begin the summary by stating in
a sentence or two what the article is about. Try to formulate in your own words what the main
ideas are. You can paraphrase and quote but, be sure to cite accordingly. Here is an example
on how to cite (Gramsci, 2019: 25).
In order to start thinking about how to write your summary, here are some questions to
consider: What does the title indicate about the reading? What are the main social problems
being discussed? Try to organize the author(s) thoughts and ideas into your own words as best
as you can and cite their work directly when you want to engage and/or highlight a perspective.
Use a direct quote if the author gives a definition of an idea and/or concept. It is a good idea to
connect themes and/or issues in your summary to ensure that there is fluidity. One of the main
exercises that the summary poses to students is to approach it as if you were explaining the
article to someone else.
One way to filter out what to include and/or exclude in your summary is to ask yourself
the following: Does this perspective seem central to what the chapter is about and does it make
sense to me? Is it interesting enough for me to tell someone else about it? If you find a section
of the chapter confusing and/or challenging, explain why. In preparing to write a summary, be
sure to take notes as you read the chapter. This will give you a guide as to points to highlight.
No formal introduction and/or conclusion is needed for this assignment. As mentioned above,
the point of this exercise is to demonstrate comprehension of course material and not to
critique it. This exercise is also important because it requires the development of critical
academic skills in terms of stimulating identification of main ideas and active reading.
How is the summary graded? Clarity and precision of your writing and accuracy of how
ideas and represented and how well your able to explain the main concepts, themes and ideas
and connect them to course content – other related themes and issues. The quality of your
writing, grammar, citation style for quotes, proper organization of ideas into subsections, title
page which includes your name, course code, and name of the instructor. The summary is an
individual work projects, not group projects. If you have any questions about the summary
assignment, please email the instructor.

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